The federal government makes the final decision on all immigration applications and issues permanent residence visas; however, some provincial governments have programs wherein they can nominate an applicant for permanent residence regardless of whether that person could apply directly to the federal government.
Qualifying Canadian citizens and permanent residents may sponsor the permanent residence application of spouses, partners, or children. In some provinces or in exceptional circumstances, they may be permitted to sponsor or similarly assist other relatives (siblings, cousins, aunt, uncles, nephews and nieces).
Skilled workers with arranged employment, or undergraduate or graduate degrees, may be eligible to apply under certain federal or provincial programs. Some provinces will also support the applicants’ requests for work permits while awaiting permanent residence.
CANADIAN EXPERIENCE CLASS
You may apply if you have obtained 1) a Canadian educational credential after completing at least two years of a qualifying Canadian educational program, 2) one year of skilled work experience in Canada in the last two years, and 3) a qualifying score on the International English Language Testing System (”IELTS”) exam.
You may apply if you have obtained 1) two years of skilled work experience in Canada in the last three years, and 3) a qualifying score on the International English Language Testing System (”IELTS”) exam.
Business persons may currently apply under the Federal Self-Employed or Provincial Nominee classes.
HUMANITARIAN & COMPASSIONATE CLASS
It is possible to request permanent residence for applicants who do not meet the requirements of IRPA, by assessing the humanitarian and compassionate considerations and the best interests of the child, if applicable. These cases require a close examination of potential effects of an approval or denial of permanent residence on the foreign national applicant and dependents, as well as Canadian relatives and society.